Open Bite: Diagnosis and Treatment

An open bite is a pathology in the vertical plane, when, when the teeth are closed, a gap is formed in the anterior area. As a result, ...

Open Bite: Diagnosis and Treatment

An open bite is a pathology in the vertical plane, when, when the teeth are closed, a gap is formed in the anterior area. As a result, a person's mouth is always slightly half-open or open, facial features are distorted, and it becomes impossible to chew and digest food normally.

This dentoalveolar defect is difficult to correct, especially in adults, and surgical intervention is often required.

Everything About Open Bite

Open Bite Symptoms

With this anomaly, characteristic facial and oral signs are diagnosed.

Facial Abnormalities:

  1. The patient's face is extended in the lower part, the chin is bent;
  2. The muscles around the mouth are always tense;
  3. Lips are not closed, teeth or the end of the tongue are visible through the open mouth.

Intraoral Abnormalities:

  • There is a clear gap between the dentition;
  • The teeth are clustered together, sometimes overlapping.
In connection with the disease, functional disorders develop. Since the mouth is constantly ajar, the mucous membranes of the oral cavity dry out, injured, there is swelling and bleeding. The patient has difficulty eating, he is unable to breathe through his nose, so he breathes through his mouth. There are violations of the temporomandibular composition, which is why diction suffers.
Treatment methods

Bad habits can provoke malocclusion: thumb sucking, prolonged sucking on a pacifier, children can chew on pencils or pens.

Preventive Measures Are Necessary For Children:

  • Control the overall health, prevent the development of rickets, chronic ENT diseases.
  • Getting rid of bad habits.
  • Make sure that the child breathes only through the nose.
  • Regularly visit the dentist, treat caries, fulfill all doctor's prescriptions for bite correction.

Correction Methods in Children

With a milk bite, myogymnastics is prescribed - specially designed exercises for the jaw muscles, which help to form the teeth and bite correctly, using electrical stimulation methods. Dentists increase the occlusive load, which helps prevent the development and deterioration of facial joint pathologies.

For children, individual dental plates, mouth guards, arches are selected. They can be preventive in nature, for example, when weaning to suck fingers, or therapeutic - correction of jaw pathologies.
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Health Steps Articles: Open Bite: Diagnosis and Treatment
Open Bite: Diagnosis and Treatment
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Health Steps Articles
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